Craniosynostosis Surgery: Navigating the Treatment Options


For parents whose child has been diagnosed with craniosynostosis, navigating the treatment options can be overwhelming. Craniosynostosis is a condition where one or more of the fibrous joints between the bones of a baby’s skull close prematurely, causing problems with skull growth and head shape. While the diagnosis can be scary, there are surgical treatment options available to help correct the issue.

Types of Treatment

Cranial Vault Reconstruction

One of the most common surgical treatments for craniosynostosis is cranial vault reconstruction. This procedure involves making incisions in the scalp and reshaping the skull bones to allow for proper growth. The surgery is typically performed in the first year of life to help prevent complications and allow for normal brain growth.

Endoscopic Strip Craniectomy

Another option is endoscopic strip craniectomy, a less invasive procedure where small incisions are made in the scalp and a narrow strip of bone is removed to allow for normal growth. This surgery is often used for certain types of craniosynostosis and may have a shorter recovery time compared to cranial vault reconstruction.

Choosing the Right Treatment

When deciding on a treatment option for your child, it is important to consult with a pediatric neurosurgeon and craniofacial team. They will evaluate your child’s condition, the type of craniosynostosis, and any associated symptoms to determine the best course of action. Factors such as your child’s age, overall health, and the severity of the craniosynostosis will also play a role in the decision-making process.

Recovery and Follow-Up

After surgery, your child will need time to recover and heal. They may experience some swelling, discomfort, and changes in head shape as the skull adjusts to its new form. It is important to follow the post-operative care instructions provided by the medical team and attend follow-up appointments to monitor your child’s progress.


While facing the decision to have surgery for your child’s craniosynostosis can be daunting, it is important to remember that there are treatment options available to help correct the condition and ensure proper growth and development. By working closely with a pediatric neurosurgeon and craniofacial team, you can navigate the treatment options with confidence and support.


What causes craniosynostosis?

Craniosynostosis can be caused by genetic factors, environmental factors, or a combination of both. In some cases, the cause is unknown.

Is surgery the only treatment option for craniosynostosis?

Surgery is often recommended to correct craniosynostosis, but in some cases, other treatments such as helmet therapy may be used depending on the severity and type of craniosynostosis.