Plagiocephaly: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Options


As a parent, you always want what’s best for your child. When you notice something unusual about your baby’s head shape, it can be concerning. One condition that parents may come across is plagiocephaly, also known as flat head syndrome. In this article, we will discuss the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for plagiocephaly.

Causes of Plagiocephaly

Plagiocephaly can be caused by a variety of factors, including:

  • Prolonged periods of pressure on one part of the baby’s head, such as sleeping in the same position

  • Muscle tightness or weakness in the neck

  • Premature birth

  • Multiples births, such as twins or triplets

Symptoms of Plagiocephaly

The main symptom of plagiocephaly is an asymmetrical head shape, where one side of the head is flattened. Other symptoms may include:

  • Uneven placement of the ears

  • Prominent forehead on one side

  • Bulging on the side of the forehead

Treatment Options for Plagiocephaly

There are several treatment options available for plagiocephaly, depending on the severity of the condition:

  • Repositioning techniques to encourage your baby to sleep on different sides of their head

  • Physical therapy to help with muscle tightness or weakness in the neck

  • Helmet therapy, where a custom-fitted helmet is worn to help reshape the baby’s head


Plagiocephaly is a common condition in babies that can be caused by various factors. If you notice any symptoms of plagiocephaly in your child, it is important to consult with your pediatrician to discuss treatment options. With early intervention, plagiocephaly can be effectively managed.


Is plagiocephaly a serious condition?

Plagiocephaly is typically a harmless condition that can be treated with repositioning techniques or helmet therapy. However, it is essential to consult with a healthcare provider to determine the best course of action.

Can plagiocephaly affect my baby’s development?

In most cases, plagiocephaly does not affect a baby’s development. However, if left untreated, it may lead to more severe issues. Early intervention is key to managing plagiocephaly effectively.

How long does helmet therapy typically last?

The duration of helmet therapy varies depending on the severity of the plagiocephaly. In general, treatment with a helmet can last anywhere from a few months to a year.