Understanding Torticollis: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Options


Understanding Torticollis: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Options

Welcome, parents! Torticollis, also known as wry neck, is a common condition that can affect infants and children. In this article, we will explore the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for torticollis to help you better understand and address this issue with your little one.

Causes of Torticollis

Torticollis is often caused by tight or shortened muscles on one side of the neck, which can result in the head being tilted to one side and the chin pointing to the opposite side. This can be due to positioning in the womb, birth trauma, or repetitive positioning of the head in the same direction.

Symptoms of Torticollis

Common symptoms of torticollis in infants and children include:

  • Head tilt to one side

  • Stiffness or limited range of motion in the neck

  • Preference for looking in one direction

  • Discomfort or pain in the neck

If you notice any of these symptoms in your child, it is important to consult with a healthcare provider for a proper diagnosis and treatment plan.

Treatment Options for Torticollis

Early intervention is key in treating torticollis. Treatment options may include:

  1. Physical therapy: Gentle stretching exercises and positioning techniques can help improve neck muscle strength and flexibility.

  2. Neck braces: In some cases, a neck brace may be recommended to help support the neck muscles and encourage proper alignment.

  3. Medication: Pain relievers or muscle relaxants may be prescribed to help alleviate discomfort and stiffness.

Your child’s healthcare provider will create a personalized treatment plan based on the severity of the torticollis and your child’s specific needs.


Torticollis is a common condition in infants and children, characterized by a tilted head and limited neck motion. Causes may include tight or shortened neck muscles from birth trauma or positioning. Symptoms include head tilt, limited range of motion, and discomfort. Treatment options include physical therapy, neck braces, and medication. Early intervention is key in effectively managing torticollis.


Q: Can torticollis be prevented?

A: While some cases of torticollis are unavoidable, practicing tummy time and encouraging your child to change neck positions regularly can help reduce the risk of developing torticollis.

Q: How long does it take to see improvement with treatment?

A: The timeline for improvement varies depending on the severity of the condition and the effectiveness of the treatment. Consistency with the recommended treatment plan is key in seeing positive results.