Torticollis Demystified: What Parents Need to Know

Head shape

Welcome, parents! Today, we’re going to talk about a common condition in children known as torticollis. It can be a bit scary and overwhelming when you first hear about it, but fear not! We’re here to demystify it for you and provide you with all the information you need to know.

What is Torticollis?

Torticollis, also known as wry neck, is a condition where the neck muscles contract, causing the head to twist to one side and tilt down.

Types of Torticollis

There are two main types of torticollis: congenital and acquired. Congenital torticollis is present at birth and is often due to the baby’s position in the womb or an injury to the muscles during childbirth. Acquired torticollis develops after birth and can be caused by various factors such as muscle spasms, injury, or inflammation.

Signs and Symptoms

Parents may notice the following signs and symptoms of torticollis in their child:

  • Head tilting to one side

  • Difficulty turning the head in one or both directions

  • Stiffness in the neck muscles

  • Preference for looking over one shoulder

  • Flat spot on one side of the head (in infants)

Diagnosis and Treatment

If you suspect that your child may have torticollis, it’s important to consult with a pediatrician. They will conduct a physical examination to assess your child’s neck and range of motion. In some cases, imaging tests such as X-rays or ultrasound may be ordered to further evaluate the condition.

Treatment for torticollis may include physical therapy, stretching exercises, and positioning techniques to help improve your child’s neck mobility and strengthen their muscles. In severe cases, your pediatrician may recommend orthotic devices or, in rare instances, surgery.

Home Care

There are several things you can do at home to help manage your child’s torticollis:

  • Perform stretching exercises as recommended by your pediatrician or physical therapist

  • Use proper positioning techniques to encourage your child to turn their head in both directions

  • Give your child tummy time to help prevent flat spots on their head

  • Encourage your child to engage in activities that promote neck movement

Long-Term Outlook

With early intervention and consistent treatment, the majority of children with torticollis can achieve full recovery and develop normal neck mobility. It’s important to follow your pediatrician’s recommendations and stay proactive in managing your child’s condition.


And there you have it, parents! Torticollis may seem daunting at first, but with the right care and guidance, you can help your child overcome it. Remember to consult with your pediatrician, follow their recommendations, and provide your child with the love and support they need as they navigate through this condition.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q: Can torticollis be prevented?

A: While congenital torticollis may not always be preventable, practicing proper positioning and encouraging neck movement in infants can help reduce the risk of developing acquired torticollis.

Q: How long does it take to see improvement with treatment?

A: The timeline for improvement varies from child to child, but with consistent treatment and exercises, many children show significant improvement within a few months.

Q: Will my child need surgery for torticollis?

A: Surgery is rarely needed for torticollis and is usually reserved for severe cases that do not respond to other forms of treatment.